Recovery programs are an important part of drug treatment, with various medical and psychotherapeutic programs initiated on a residential or aftercare basis. The process of drug treatment is often split into two distinct phases, detox and rehab. Recovery programs are typically initiated during the rehabilitation phase of treatment, with psychological and practical support offered to patients to encourage long-term recovery.
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Recovery programs are often based on cognitive and behavioral principles, with patients working with therapists to reconcile internal divisions and change unhealthy behavior. Cognitive behavioral therapy is based around the connection between thoughts, feelings and behavioral responses, with various techniques and strategies applied to help recovering addicts avoid impulsive and compulsive behavior.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a "problem focused" and "action oriented" approach, with therapists encouraging practical change by understanding the limitations of rational thought and recognizing the power of prior conditioning. Cognitive behavioral therapy has proved useful across a range of fields, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, eating disorders, substance abuse disorders and psychotic disorders.
SMART (Self-Management and Recovery Training) recovery is an international non-profit organization involved in drug treatment. Based on secular and scientific principles, this form of treatment utilizes motivational interviewing techniques found in Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) and cognitive techniques from Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). SMART recovery recognizes seven different stages of the recovery process, with each patient engaged individually depending on their progress. The stages are:
SMART recovery meetings are available from treatment and community centers. Most people view this program as a secular alternative to Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and similar 12-step groups.
Individual client-centered counseling was originally developed by psychologist Carl Rogers. This form of therapy acknowledges three necessary and sufficient conditions for personal change: unconditional positive regard, accurate empathy, and genuineness. Therapists help patients to develop these attributes in order to overcome troublesome issues, with an alternative approach known as Client-Directed Outcome-
Informed therapy (CDOI) allowing clients to determine the goals and objectives of treatment. Client-centered therapy is highly useful in the context of drug treatment, especially when combined with behavior therapy and relapse prevention.
Relapse prevention systems are an important part of recovery, with patients given the psychological skills and support needed for long-term recovery. Relapse is both an outcome and a transgression of the recovery process, with most recovery programs dealing with relapse in a number of progressive stages. Emotional relapse marks the first stage of relapse, with unhealthy emotions progressing into cognitive patterns as mental relapse arises. Physical relapse is the final stage of the process, with patients now engaging with drug or alcohol use.
Access to drug treatment is necessary at all stages of relapse, with patients taught how to recognize triggers, avoid high risk situations and develop the coping skills necessary for long-term recovery. Direct or indirect intervention may be required if the recovery process breaks down, with intervention counselors available from many treatment centers. If you or anyone you know is struggling with drug abuse or addiction problems, it's important to contact a specialized rehab clinic as soon as possible.
A wide array of recovery programs are available across the United States, including art therapy, music therapy, restorative yoga, conventional 12-step programs, individual counseling, SMART recovery, biofeedback, general spirituality, gender-based therapies and family therapy.